Indian Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) may be considered as one of the world’s most valuable commercial timber and is currently valued globally for its heartwood and oil. Since liberalization of rules regarding sandalwood growing in 2001 and 2002 there has been tremendous interest among farmers and stakeholders across India in farming this tree. The hemi-parasitic nature of the tree, its adaptability to grow in semiarid tracts and potential to grow in combination with horticultural species as secondary hosts makes it a potent agroforestry species. High demand and remunerative prices of heartwood have motivated farmers/stakeholders to take up sandalwood farming especially in non-traditional areas in many states across India like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra since the past decade. The potential of the tree in natural and naturalized forested areas, existing farming systems and other silvi-horticultural systems across India have been studied by scientists including heartwood and oil formation using non-destructive methods. The scope of cultivation in current farming systems including economics of cultivation have been critically analyzed and presented. The current problems and future prospects for increased livelihood opportunities and enhancing farm income levels also discussed along with suggestion for promoting sandalwood farming practices across
Sandalwood can grow in all types of well drained soils but preferably in red laterite, sandy loam, gneiss, quartz and sand mixed black soils having ph value 6 to 8.5 . Sandalwood grows well in the hot climate between 5 degrees c and 40 degrees c, with 400-1500mm rainfall per annum.
USES & EFFECTIVENESS OF SANDALWOOD
- Mental alertness. Early research suggests that inhaling fragrance from white sandalwood oil for 20 minutes or applying white sandalwood oil to the skin does not improve mental alertness or attentiveness in healthy individuals.
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs).
- Common cold.
- Sore mouth and throat.
- Liver and gallbladder problems.
- Other conditions.